Y-DNA haplogroup E, with subgroups E1b1b and E1b1a, is the most common Y-chromosome haplogroup in Africa. Explore its deep origins, variant names (E-M2, E-M215, and E-V58), global spread to Europe and the Americas, and and consider the best YDNA test for African origins.
Y-chromosome haplogroup J, and its subgroups J1 and J2, are connected with origins in the Arabian Peninsula, Southern Europe and North Africa, and among many men of Ashkenazi Jewish, Arab Bedouin, Uygur and Uzbek origin. Explore J haplogroup maps and history here.
What is the R1b haplogroup? Learn about its relationship to the R1a Y-DNA haplogroup and its geographic relationship to Western Europe. See our chart of the best DNA tests for YDNA haplogroups.